Diagnose, Assess & Treat Physical, Mental & Emotional Disorders

Natural Medicine First Aid plan

3 Consultation Plan

Natural Medicine First Aid can reduce the use of antibiotics and medications and is suitable for those interested in herbal medicine, homeopathy and natural remedies to use at home and take on your travels.

Carina has 3 level 8 degrees in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and 7 children who have never had antibiotics. Having lived in the tropics and travelled extensively through South East Asia with the family, there is not a childhood disease she has not seen nor cannot treat using natural medicine. No one is more qualified to train you on how to raise your child naturally using evidence based and time tested natural medicine, from both east and west, traditional and modern. 

Your Practitioner

Natural First Aid is a series of 3 consultations 2 weeks apart

The initial consultation will focused on Fever Management and how to stock your Natural Medicine First Aid Kit and may discuss naturopathic treatment of a particular symptom or condition you wish to treat.

The second consultation will focus on Natural Medicine First Aid A-K including herbal medicine, homeopathic remedies, nutritional supplement approaches, herbal teas and poultices to prevent and treat the whole gamut of acute diseases from accidents and anxiety to vomiting bugs and worms. There is a strong a focus on treating acute viral, bacterial and fungal infections with vigour.

The third consultation will focus on Natural Medicine First Aid L-Z including herbal medicine, homeopathic remedies, nutritional supplement approaches, herbal teas and poultices to prevent and treat the whole gamut of acute diseases from accidents and anxiety to vomiting bugs and worms. There is a strong a focus on treating acute viral, bacterial and fungal infections with vigour.

These consultations are tailored to the individual

Please contact us know if there is anything specific you wish to cover and it will be covered. For example you may be heading to the Solomon islands and have discovered there is an outbreak of Typhoid Fever and you want to know what you can do to avoid it.

Alternatively your child may have eczema and you want to know how to treat it naturally. This can also be included during your plan.

What will I learn?

  • Fever management is at the crux of Natural Medicine First Aid. Don't get Fever Phobia. Learn how a good fever exercises your immune system and strengthens your Vital Force.
  • Learn basic herbal & homeopathic medicines and nutritional supplements to treat everyday conditions from aches and sprains to travel sickness, with a focus on treating acute viral & bacterial infections to avoid antibiotics. Includes natural medicine approaches to treat tropical disease (if required
  • Discover simple remedies from your kitchen and garden that can be used to make poultices and teas. Know the essentials for your Natural Medicine First Aid Kit to keep your children drug free.
  • Everything that is discussed will be emailed to you. Essentially you will receive a personalised mini book on Natural Medicine First Aid.(The course can be attended by both parents if desired)

Natural Remedies Recommended

Homeopathic Prophylactic Kit for Children

First Aid Kit Large, Lung TonicSinus TonicImmune Tonic

Remedies are available to purchase if desired at an additional cost.

For further details contact Carina Harkin BHSc.Acu.BHSc.Nat.BHSc.Hom. Cert. IV TAE. MPH (pend). This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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Ketogenic Diet

Ketogenic Diets stabilises blood sugar, reduces cravings, improves insulin sensitivity, treats metabolic syndrome & central obesity, assists fat metabolism, tonifies the thyroid gland to boost the Basal Metabolic Rate.

Your Practitioner

To achieve a state of ketosis By prescribing a Low GI carbohydrate restricted diet, forcing fat to be broken down to form ketones which are used instead of glucose as fuel for healthy body cells. Suitable for vegetarians/vegans.

Benefits of a Keto Diet

  • Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides
  • Induces rapid weight loss, in particular abdominal fat.
  • Lowers blood sugar
  • Improves energy
  • Suppresses hunger

What to expect?

Your ketogenic diet and weight loss consultations

The first consultation will ascertain what you eat and make recommendations for a ketosis diet that suits you.

The second consultation will ensure firstly, that you have achieved a state of ketosis and secondly to address any issues you have surrounding the dietary recommendations.

The third consultation will assist you in moving from Phase 1 (short-term) into Phase 2 (long-term) of the diet. This occurs when you are near your goal weight. Phase 2 is the Keto Diet for Health and longevity, mimics fasting and is life extending.
Keto Diet for Weight Loss

This diet is a carbohydrate restrictive, high good fat, high healthy protein (including veg/vegan based protein) diet. Ketosis is a perfectly normal metabolic process. When we are unable to use carbohydrates as fuel for cells to burn for energy, fats are used instead. Ketones are produced as part of this process. In fact, ketones are the preferred source of fuel for our bodies. This diet is suitable for vegetarians/vegans. 

Benefits of a Ketogenic Diet

Lowers cholesterol: Lowers LDL & triglyceride levels and raises HDL (good cholesterol). (1)

Induce Rapid Weight Loss: Reduces body weight and body mass index. (1)

Lowers Blood Sugar: Studies show a ketosis diet can eliminate type 2 diabetes. (2, 3)

Enhances physical and cognitive performance: Ketone bodies are the most energy-efficient fuel and yield more ATP. (4)

Suppresses Appetite: High fats diets increase satiety. (5)

Starve Cancer Cells: Cancer cells need glucose for fuel. Only healthy cells can live on ketones. Studies indicate a ketosis diet is an adjunct therapeutic aid in cancer. (6, 7)

Treats neurodegenerative disease: Ketosis is neuroprotective and neuroregenerative (8) & therapeutic treatment in traumatic head injury, neurological disease (9) including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer's (10) & epilepsy, (11)

Extends Life: The benefits of Calorie restriction/Keto diet are scientific fact. A Ketosis diet simulates the Calorie Restrictive Diet (12) that scientists have touted for the main reason behind Okinawan longevity. Like CR, Ketosis also activates telomerase the anti-ageing enzyme. Calorie restriction increases telomerase activity and enhances autophagy (breakdown of dead cells). (13) CR improves how cells respond to stress, how they break down (autophagy), induces apoptosis (programmed cell death ie in cancer cells), and alters hormonal balance. Autophagy in particular, is quality control inside cells. It is essential for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and for the orchestration of an efficient cellular response to stress. Autophagic activity declines with age, and this contributes to the ageing process. (14)

Carina Harkin BHSc.Acu.BHSc.Nat.BHSc.Hom. Cert IV TAE. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

1. Dashti HM, Mathew TC, Hussein T, Asfar SK, Behbahani A, Khoursheed MA, et al. Long-term effects of a ketogenic diet in obese patients. Experimental and clinical cardiology. 2004;9(3):200-5.

2. Westman EC, Tondt J, Maguire E, Yancy WS, Jr. Implementing a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet to manage type 2 diabetes mellitus. Expert review of endocrinology & metabolism. 2018;13(5):263-72.

3. Yancy WS, Jr., Foy M, Chalecki AM, Vernon MC, Westman EC. A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet to treat type 2 diabetes. Nutrition & metabolism. 2005;2:34-.

4. Murray AJ, Knight NS, Cole MA, Cochlin LE, Carter E, Tchabanenko K, et al. Novel ketone diet enhances physical and cognitive performance. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2016;30(12):4021-32.

5. Gibson AA, Seimon RV, Lee CMY, Ayre J, Franklin J, Markovic TP, et al. Do ketogenic diets really suppress appetite? A systematic review and meta-analysis. 2015;16(1):64-76.

6. Klement RJ. Beneficial effects of ketogenic diets for cancer patients: a realist review with focus on evidence and confirmation. Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England). 2017;34(8):132.

7. Morscher RJ, Aminzadeh-Gohari S, Feichtinger RG, Mayr JA, Lang R, Neureiter D, et al. Inhibition of Neuroblastoma Tumor Growth by Ketogenic Diet and/or Calorie Restriction in a CD1-Nu Mouse Model. PLOS ONE. 2015;10(6):e0129802.

8. Shaafi S, Mahmoudi J, Pashapour A, Farhoudi M, Sadigh-Eteghad S, Akbari H. Ketogenic Diet Provides Neuroprotective Effects against Ischemic Stroke Neuronal Damages. Advanced pharmaceutical bulletin. 2014;4(Suppl 2):479-81.

9. Gano LB, Patel M, Rho JM. Ketogenic diets, mitochondria, and neurological diseases. Journal of lipid research. 2014;55(11):2211-28.

10. Włodarek D. Role of Ketogenic Diets in Neurodegenerative Diseases (Alzheimer’s Disease and Parkinson’s Disease). . Nutrients. 2019;11(169).

11. Agarwal N, Arkilo D, Farooq O, Gillogly C, Kavak KS, Weinstock A. Ketogenic diet: Predictors of seizure control. SAGE open medicine. 2017;5:2050312117712887-.

12. Maalouf M, Rho JM, Mattson MP. The neuroprotective properties of calorie restriction, the ketogenic diet, and ketone bodies. Brain research reviews. 2009;59(2):293-315.

13. Wang B-H, Hou Q, Lu Y-Q, Jia M-M, Qiu T, Wang X-H, et al. Ketogenic diet attenuates neuronal injury via autophagy and mitochondrial pathways in pentylenetetrazol-kindled seizures. Brain Research. 2018;1678:106-15.

14. Veech RL, Bradshaw PC, Clarke K, Curtis W, Pawlosky R, King MT. Ketone bodies mimic the life span extending properties of caloric restriction. 2017;69(5):305-14.

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Acupuncture Treatment


Acupuncture is a form of TCM which uses thin disposable needles to tonify Yin & Yang and smooth the flow of qi and blood for health to ensue. Disease in Chinese Medicine is said to be due to deficiency of Yin or Yang or stagnation of Qi or Blood, Acupuncture increases the pain relieving & feel good hormones, serotonin & endorphins & decreases inflammation in the body.

Traditional Chinese medicine explains that health is the result of a harmonious balance of the complementary extremes of "yin" and "yang" of the life force known as "qi," pronounced "chi." Illness is said to be the consequence of an imbalance of the forces. For further details contact Carina [email protected]This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Qi is said to flow through meridians, or pathways, in the human body. These meridiens and energy flows are accessible through 350 acupuncture points in the body.

Inserting needles into these points with appropriate combinations is said to bring the energy flow back into proper balance.

Though today we know this list to be more extensive, in 1979 the World Health Organization (WHO) published the following list of common conditions proven to respond to TCM Acupuncture:


Upper Respiratory Tract:
Acute sinusitis
Acute rhinitis
Common Cold
Acute Tonsillitis

Respiratory System:
Acute bronchitis
Bronchial asthma (most effective in children and in patients without complicating diseases)

Disorders of the eye:
Acute conjunctivitis
Central retinitis
Myopia (in children)
Cataract (without complications)

Disorders of the mouth:
Toothache, post extraction pain
Acute and chronic pharyngitis

Gastro-intestinal disorders:
Spasms of the esophagus and cardia
Acute and chronic gastritis
Gastric hyperacidity
Chronic duodenal ulcer (pain relief)
Acute duodenal ulcer (without complications)
Acute and chronic colitis
Acute bacillary dysentery

Paralytic ileus

Neurological and Musculo-skeletal Disorders:
Headache and migraine
Trigeminal neuralgia (TMJ)
Facial palsy (early stage, i.e. within six months)
Pareses following a stroke
Peripheral neuropathies
Sequelae of poliomyelitis (early sage i.e. within six months)
Meniere’s disease
Neurogenic bladder dysfunction
Nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting)
Intercostal neuralgia
Cervicobrachial syndrome

“Frozen shoulder”, “Tennis elbow”
Low-back pain

Today’s science shows Acupuncture can also be used effectively in:

Adverse reactions to radiotherapy and chemotherapy
Blood pressure problems
Sexual dysfunction (low libido, erectile dysfunction)
Breech position in pregnancy
Induction of labor

Rheumatoid arthritis

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Performance Boost

For a Natural Performance Boost,  three seperate consultations are reccomended, teaching about performance enhancing supplements, Carbohydrate loading, training tactics & match day diet, Fuelling tactics, Weight gain & Hyper-hydration.

The plan adapts WHO guidelines and sports nutrition protocols recommended by the Australian Institute of Sport and the adoption of legal ergogenic performance enhancing herbs & supplements.



To achieve energy balance & healthy BMI
Reduce saturated fats & trans-fatty acids
Increase consumption of omega 3 healthy fats
Increase consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains & nuts
Limit the intake of simple sugars
Limit salt / sodium consumption from all sources
Ensure sufficient essential amino acids to assist immune system & repair
Include essential vitamins & minerals
Avoiding directly poisonous (e.g. heavy metals) & carcinogenic (e.g. benzene) substances.
Learn about performance enhancing supplement recommendations according to the Australian Institute of Sport including;

  • Carbohydrate loading
  • The training & match day diet
  • Training tactics
  • Fuelling tactics
  • Meal timing
  • Weight gain
  • Hyper-hydration
  • Evidence based herbal ergogenic/ performance-enhancing aids are prescribed to enhance physical strength and performance capacity.

What to expect

1st Consultation

Involves discussing presenting symptoms including and medications/supplements that you take to ensure that there are no drug/nutrient or drug/herb contraindications with proposed or current treatment. Next we will discuss your past medical and family history. Then I will ask questions about relevant body systems to gain a better understanding of your general health. I will assess your Basal Metabolic Index (BMI) to ascertain where you stand in relation to being a healthy weight. I will assess your current diet to ensure it contains sufficient essential amino acids, vitamins and minerals to assist body function such as immune system and repair and to look for specific nutritional deficiencies and to assess your diet and lifestyle to ensure you are avoiding poisonous and carcinogenic substances.

Your diet plan will;

  • Make tailored dietary recommendations to address any specific deficiencies or issues
  • Provide advice on healthy fats
  • Provide advice on low GI fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts to sustain energy levels
  • Provide advice on healthy low GI sugar alternatives
  • Provide advice on healthy salt alternatives
  • Provide advice on healthy snacks

Your prescription will provide a performance enhancing diet plan and lifestyle, herbal medicine and supplements advice in the form of an email prescription.

2nd Consultation

Involves discussing a tailored training diet plan to provide sufficient levels of all nutrients and sustained, slow release low GI carbohydrates to help provide energy for long and intense training sessions. The plan is a general guide, and portion sizes will need to be adapted to suit your daily routine.

We will also discuss;

Carbohydrate loading and performance enhancement the original and modern carb loading and how taper your exercise before the match/sporting event

  • The Training Diet
  • Match Day Diet
  • Training tactics
  • Fuelling Tactics
  • Meal Timing
  • Weight gain
  • Fluids Hyper-hydration

3rd Consultation

Aims to ensure you are on track and address any pitfalls you may be experiencing and how to overcome them. You will be provided with more recipes that tick all boxes for essential healthy proteins, carbohydrates and fat and essential vitamins and minerals to promote recovery from injury and enhance performance.

Herbal Medicine as a performance booster to enhance athletic performance

Performance-enhancing substances enhance physical strength to improve performance. A performance boosteris also called an ergogenic aid. (1) Herbal medicine adaptogens acts as ergogenic aids to enhance performance. Frome a herbal medicine perspective adaptogens, testosteromimetic and caffeine rich herbs are ergogenic aids.

Carahealth uses high strength practitioner only, organic or wild crafted extracts. Tonics are 1:1 strength, 3 x stronger than available in health food stores or herbs used by other practitioners.

Herbal Medicine Protocol 

Adaptogen Herbs

Adaptogens increase resilience to stress whether it is physical, chemical, biological or emotional in origin. Adaptogens restore and normalise physiological functions in the event of stress allowing us to handle the stressful situations in a more resourceful manner. Adaptogens specifically help our bodies adapt to changes in our circadian rhythm caused by hectic lifestyles (2) or deficiency in sunlight. Current uses of adaptogens relate mainly to treating stress-induced fatigue, improving cognitive function and treating emotional and behavioural disorders. Adaptogens also protect against chronic inflammation, atherosclerosis, neurodegenerative cognitive impairment, metabolic disorders, and other age-related disease. (3)

Ginseng Asian ginseng Chinese,/Korean ginseng Panax ginseng 

Panax ginseng, also known as Chinese or Korean ginseng, is the one which is most widely used ergogenic aids. (4) Ginseng is a tonic herb that improves vitality, health and longevity. Ginseng is an adaptogen and enhance endurance and strength. Ginseng root increases muscular strength and aerobic work capacity. It has been reported that the use of ginseng does not lead to any positive test results for banned substances after urine testing of elite athletes, although ginsenosides and their metabolites are detectable in the sera and urine of athletes following the ingestion of ginseng.

Ginseng roots;

  • Stimulate and protects the central nervous system. (5)
  • Enhances cognitive function and improves mood. (6)
  • Increased production of corticotropin and cortisol and has anabolic actions. (7)
  • Has potent adaptogenic activity that is mediated by regulation of pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion to combat stress. (8)
  • Possess antioxidant properties and inhibits lipid peroxidation. (9)
  • Has stimulant effect and thus improves alertness and decreases fatigue and stress
  • Increases exercise time to exhaustion. (10)
  • Protects against cardiovascular disease. (11)
  • Supports male reproductive function. (12)

Siberian ginseng Eletherococcus senticosus 

Studied extensively by Russian researchers, Siberian ginseng is distantly related to the Panax species. Siberian ginseng contains unique steroidal saponins termed eleutherosides that appear to be structurally similar to, but are distinct from, Panax ginsenosides. Siberian ginseng improves muscular strength, resistance to fatigue and recovery from exercise.

Siberian ginseng;

  • Supports healthy ageing and improves quality of life. (13)
  • Protects against cardiovascular disease. (14)
  • Is immune stimulatory, has various anti-cancer properties and possesses anti-tumour effects. (15)
  • Protect against cancer formation by inducing apoptosis (programmed cell death) (16)
  • Reduces fatigue. (17)

Withania Ashwagandha/ Indian Ginseng Withania somnifera 

Withania is an adaptogen and enhances endurance and strength. A study aimed to determine the effect of Ashwagandha on the cardiorespiratory endurance capacity, that is, aerobic capacity in elite Indian cyclists found there was significant improvement in the experimental group in all parameters in terms of maximal aerobic capacity (VO2 max), metabolic equivalent, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and total time for the athlete to reach his exhaustion stage. (18)

Withania ginseng;

  • Reduces stress and anxiety. (19)
  • Displays anti cancer effects. (20, 21)
  • Is chemoprotective (protects against chemical damage). (22)
  • Is neuroprotective to protect against neurodegenerative disease such as stroke and Alzheimer’s. (23)

Rhodiola Rhodiola rosea 

Rhodiola is an adaptogen, enhances endurance and strength. A study to determine the effects o Rhodiola rosea on endurance exercise performance, perceived exertion, mood, and cognitive function found acute Rhodiola rosea ingestion decreases heart rate response to submaximal exercise and appears to improve endurance exercise performance by decreasing the perception of effort. (24)


  • Improves endurance exercise performance. (25)
  • Alleviates stress, anxiety and depression by increasing feel-good hormones. (26-29)
  • Enhances cognitive function (30) and metal and physical performance. (31)
  • Reduces physical and mental fatigue. (32)
  • Is anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective. (33)

Testoteromimetic herbs

Testosteromimetic herbs increase testosterone thus are anabolic, can improve recovery time from resistance exercise and enhance strength. The following herbs increase testosterone levels. Women also make and utilise testosterone so these herbs are safe for use my women as an ergogenic aid during training and performance.

Sarsaparilla Smilax ornata 

In Traditional Chinese Medicine is traditionally used to treat sexual hypofunction. Sarsaparilla has a beneficial effect on exercise performance. (34)


  • Has a testostermomimetic effects thereby increases testosterone so is anabolic.(35)
  • Is a herbal aphrodisiac. (36)

Tribulus Tribulus terrestra 

Sarsaparilla has testostermomimetic so is anabolic. It contains a variety of chemical constituents which are medicinally important, such as flavonoids, flavonol glycosides, steroidal saponins, and alkaloids. T. terrestris did not alter the urinary T/E ratio and would not place an athlete at risk of testing positive based on the World Anti-Doping Agency's urinary T/E ratio limit.


  • Increases strength and fat free mass. (37)
  • Is a male reproductive tonic and improves fertility. (38-40)
  • Is an aphrodisiac and performance enhancer. (41)

Caffeine rich herbs

Caffeine supplementation improves performance at varying intensities and modalities of exercise. Caffeine is a well-documented stimulant of the central nervous system as well as the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Caffeine ingestion increases blood catecholamine concentration. Caffeine's ergogenic effect on sports performance is also attributed to its effect on substrate availability, namely, free fatty acids. Increases in free fatty acid concentration in turn lead to a glycogen-sparing effect because the body's energy system will start using free fatty acid as a primary source of fuel. A significant increase (44%) in endurance running performance is achieved after athletes ingested 9 mg/kg body mass of caffeine 1 hour prior to exercise.

Kola nut Cola nitida 

Kola nut is a naturally rich source of caffeine. But unlike caffeine, kola nut is rich in vitamins and minerals so has a lot of health benefits. Kola nut is high in antioxidant polyphenols, it is anti-bacterial, rich in theobromine content, which is a vasodilator hence a circulatory stimulant.

Kola nut

  • Improves locomotor function. (42)
  • Is antioxidant rich and inhibits lipid peroxidation. (43)
  • Is chemoprotective and has been shown to inhibit androgen dependent cancers in males. (44)

Carahealth PerformanceTonic

Formulated to help improve exercise performance capacity or enhance physical strength. The tincture contains a blend of adaptogenic herbs and herbs that increase testosterone hence is anabolic. The tincture also contains a caffeine rich herb.

Ingredients: Chinese ginseng, Siberian ginseng, Indian Ginseng , Rhodiola, Sarsaparilla, Tribulus & Kola nut.

Actions ;

Lowers cortisol levels during times of stress
Boosts immunity
Increases energy levels
Improves resistance to stress
Improves concentration
Enhances recovery from resistance exercise
Enhances strength
Increase muscle mass
Stimulates the central nervous system
Stimulates the cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Ketosis Diet as an ergogenic training aid

A long-term ketosis, high fat, low carbohydrate diet may be favourable for aerobic endurance athletes, during the preparatory season, when a high volume and low to moderate intensity of training loads predominate in the training process. Fat loading slows down the rate of carbohydrate utilization and enhance endurance performance in long distance events lasting from 2 to 5 h. This is especially true during long-term ketogenic diets, where the body adapts to increased fat oxidation through enzymatic and endocrine changes

A ketogenic diet has been used by professional cyclists. A ketogenic diet is a diet high in lipids and low in carbohydrates for ~4 days to induce nutritional ketosis. However a ketogenic diet may impair exercise performance via reducing the capacity to utilise carbohydrate, which forms a key fuel source for skeletal muscle during intense endurance-type exercise so is only recommender during training periods only. (45)

For further details contact Carina This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

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2. Panossian A, Wikman G. Effects of Adaptogens on the Central Nervous System and the Molecular Mechanisms Associated with Their Stress-Protective Activity. Pharmaceuticals (Basel, Switzerland). 2010;3(1):188-224.

3. Panossian A. Understanding adaptogenic activity: specificity of the pharmacological action of adaptogens and other phytochemicals. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2017;1401(1):49-64.

4. Lee NH, Jung HC, Lee S. Red Ginseng as an Ergogenic Aid: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials. Journal of exercise nutrition & biochemistry. 2016;20(4):13-9.

5. Rokot NT, Kairupan TS, Cheng K-C, Runtuwene J, Kapantow NH, Amitani M, et al. A Role of Ginseng and Its Constituents in the Treatment of Central Nervous System Disorders. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM. 2016;2016:2614742-.

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7. Choi JY, Woo TS, Yoon SY, Ike Campomayor Dela P, Choi YJ, Ahn HS, et al. Red ginseng supplementation more effectively alleviates psychological than physical fatigue. Journal of ginseng research. 2011;35(3):331-8.

8. Liao L-Y, He Y-F, Li L, Meng H, Dong Y-M, Yi F, et al. A preliminary review of studies on adaptogens: comparison of their bioactivity in TCM with that of ginseng-like herbs used worldwide. Chinese medicine. 2018;13:57-.

9. Chung SI, Kang MY, Lee SC. In Vitro and In Vivo Antioxidant Activity of Aged Ginseng (Panax ginseng). Preventive nutrition and food science. 2016;21(1):24-30.

10. Sellami M, Slimeni O, Pokrywka A, Kuvačić G, D Hayes L, Milic M, et al. Herbal medicine for sports: a review. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2018;15:14-.

11. Kim J-H. Cardiovascular Diseases and Panax ginseng: A Review on Molecular Mechanisms and Medical Applications. Journal of ginseng research. 2012;36(1):16-26.

12. Leung KW, Wong AS. Ginseng and male reproductive function. Spermatogenesis. 2013;3(3):e26391-e.

13. Cicero AF, Derosa G, Brillante R, Bernardi R, Nascetti S, Gaddi A. Effects of Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus maxim.) on elderly quality of life: a randomized clinical trial. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics Supplement. 2004(9):69-73.

14. Kwan C-Y, Zhang W-B, Sim S-M, Deyama T, Nishibe S. Vascular effects of Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus): endothelium-dependent NO- and EDHF-mediated relaxation depending on vessel size. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology. 2004;369(5):473-80.

15. Cichello SA, Yao Q, Dowell A, Leury B, He XQ. Proliferative and Inhibitory Activity of Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) Extract on Cancer Cell Lines; A-549, XWLC-05, HCT-116, CNE and Beas-2b. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(11):4781-6.

16. Kim CG, Castro-Aceituno V, Abbai R, Lee HA, Simu SY, Han Y, et al. Caspase-3/MAPK pathways as main regulators of the apoptotic effect of the phyto-mediated synthesized silver nanoparticle from dried stem of Eleutherococcus senticosus in human cancer cells. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 2018;99:128-33.

17. Hartz AJ, Bentler S, Noyes R, Hoehns J, Logemann C, Sinift S, et al. Randomized controlled trial of Siberian ginseng for chronic fatigue. Psychological medicine. 2004;34(1):51-61.

18. Shenoy S, Chaskar U, Sandhu JS, Paadhi MM. Effects of eight-week supplementation of Ashwagandha on cardiorespiratory endurance in elite Indian cyclists. Journal of Ayurveda and integrative medicine. 2012;3(4):209-14.

19. Chandrasekhar K, Kapoor J, Anishetty S. A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of safety and efficacy of a high-concentration full-spectrum extract of ashwagandha root in reducing stress and anxiety in adults. Indian journal of psychological medicine. 2012;34(3):255-62.

20. KHAZAL KF, SAMUEL T, HILL DL, GRUBBS CJ. Effect of an Extract of Withania somnifera Root on Estrogen Receptor-positive Mammary Carcinomas. 2013;33(4):1519-23.

21. Prakash J, Gupta SK, Dinda AK. Withania somnifera root extract prevents DMBA-induced squamous cell carcinoma of skin in Swiss albino mice. Nutrition and cancer. 2002;42(1):91-7.

22. Prakash J, Gupta SK, Kochupillai V, Singh N, Gupta YK, Joshi S. Chemopreventive activity of Withania somnifera in experimentally induced fibrosarcoma tumours in Swiss albino mice. Phytotherapy research : PTR. 2001;15(3):240-4.

23. Raghavan A, Shah ZA. Withania somnifera: a pre-clinical study on neuroregenerative therapy for stroke. Neural regeneration research. 2015;10(2):183-5.

24. Noreen EE, Buckley JG, Lewis SL, Brandauer J, Stuempfle KJ. The effects of an acute dose of Rhodiola rosea on endurance exercise performance. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2013;27(3):839-47.

25. De Bock K, Eijnde BO, Ramaekers M, Hespel P. Acute Rhodiola rosea intake can improve endurance exercise performance. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism. 2004;14(3):298-307.

26. Anghelescu I-G, Edwards D, Seifritz E, Kasper S. Stress management and the role of Rhodiola rosea: a review. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice. 2018:1-11.

27. Darbinyan V, Aslanyan G, Amroyan E, Gabrielyan E, Malmström C, Panossian A. Clinical trial of Rhodiola rosea L. extract SHR-5 in the treatment of mild to moderate depression. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. 2007;61(5):343-8.

28. Mao JJ, Li QS, Soeller I, Xie SX, Amsterdam JD. Rhodiola rosea therapy for major depressive disorder: a study protocol for a randomized, double-blind, placebo- controlled trial. Journal of clinical trials. 2014;4:170-.

29. van Diermen D, Marston A, Bravo J, Reist M, Carrupt PA, Hostettmann K. Monoamine oxidase inhibition by Rhodiola rosea L. roots. Journal of ethnopharmacology. 2009;122(2):397-401.

30. Cropley M, Banks AP, Boyle J. The Effects of Rhodiola rosea L. Extract on Anxiety, Stress, Cognition and Other Mood Symptoms. 2015;29(12):1934-9.

31. Jówko E, Sadowski J, Długołęcka B, Gierczuk D, Opaszowski B, Cieśliński I. Effects of Rhodiola rosea supplementation on mental performance, physical capacity, and oxidative stress biomarkers in healthy men. Journal of sport and health science. 2018;7(4):473-80.

32. Ishaque S, Shamseer L, Bukutu C, Vohra S. Rhodiola rosea for physical and mental fatigue: a systematic review. BMC complementary and alternative medicine. 2012;12:70-.

33. Lee Y, Jung J-C, Jang S, Kim J, Ali Z, Khan IA, et al. Anti-Inflammatory and Neuroprotective Effects of Constituents Isolated from Rhodiola rosea. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM. 2013;2013:514049-.

34. Bucci LR. Selected herbals and human exercise performance. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2000;72(2):624S-36S.

35. Challinor VL, Parsons PG, Chap S, White EF, Blanchfield JT, Lehmann RP, et al. Steroidal saponins from the roots of Smilax sp.: Structure and bioactivity. Steroids. 2012;77(5):504-11.

36. Lim PHC. Asian herbals and aphrodisiacs used for managing ED. Translational andrology and urology. 2017;6(2):167-75.

37. Rogerson S, Riches CJ, Jennings C, Weatherby RP, Meir RA, Marshall-Gradisnik SM. The effect of five weeks of Tribulus terrestris supplementation on muscle strength and body composition during preseason training in elite rugby league players. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2007;21(2):348-53.

38. Kamenov Z, Fileva S, Kalinov K, Jannini EA. Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of Tribulus terrestris in male sexual dysfunction—A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Maturitas. 2017;99:20-6.

39. Gauthaman K, Ganesan AP. The hormonal effects of Tribulus terrestris and its role in the management of male erectile dysfunction – an evaluation using primates, rabbit and rat. Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology. 2008;15(1):44-54.

40. Roaiah MF, El Khayat YI, GamalEl Din SF, Abd El Salam MA. Pilot Study on the Effect of Botanical Medicine (Tribulus terrestris) on Serum Testosterone Level and Erectile Function in Aging Males With Partial Androgen Deficiency (PADAM). Journal of sex & marital therapy. 2016;42(4):297-301.

41. Qureshi A, Naughton DP, Petroczi A. A Systematic Review on the Herbal Extract Tribulus terrestris and the Roots of its Putative Aphrodisiac and Performance Enhancing Effect. Journal of Dietary Supplements. 2014;11(1):64-79.

42. Ajarem JS. Effects of fresh kola-nut extract (Cola nitida) on the locomotor activities of male mice. Acta physiologica et pharmacologica Bulgarica. 1990;16(4):10-5.

43. Oboh G, Nwokocha KE, Akinyemi AJ, Ademiluyi AO. Inhibitory effect of polyphenolic-rich extract from Cola nitida (Kolanut) seed on key enzyme linked to type 2 diabetes and Fe(2+) induced lipid peroxidation in rat pancreas in vitro. Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine. 2014;4(Suppl 1):S405-S12.

44. Solipuram R, Koppula S, Hurst A, Harris K, Naragoni S, Fontenot K, et al. Molecular and biochemical effects of a kola nut extract on androgen receptor-mediated pathways. Journal of toxicology. 2009;2009:530279-.

45. Zajac A, Poprzecki S, Maszczyk A, Czuba M, Michalczyk M, Zydek G. The effects of a ketogenic diet on exercise metabolism and physical performance in off-road cyclists. Nutrients. 2014;6(7):2493-508.

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Natural Medicine Consultation

A Naturopathic Consultation is holistic and assesses the physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual aspects of a person. For example from a Western Medical Perspective you may be medically diagnosed with hypothyroidism however, from a Naturopathic Medical Perspective your diagnosis might be;


  • Decreased Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) due to "Functional Hypothyroid"
  • Poor breakdown of fats and increased visceral adiposity due to a "Sluggish Liver".
  • Excess cravings for carbohydrates due to “Insulin Resistance” and "Functional Hypoglycemia"
  • Long term stress leading to "Adrenal Exhaustion", cortisol spikes and resultant weight gain
  • Long term stress leading to “Nervous System Exhaustion” and emotional eating
  • Nutritional deficiencies of Iodine, EFAs, selenium
  • Excess Bioaccumulation of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) such as fluoride, aluminium and  BPA leading to a disruption of thyroid hormone production. 


Naturopathic Treatment Principles 

  • Tonify the thyroid to boost BMR
  • Improve insulin sensitivity
  • Balance blood sugar
  • Tonify the adrenal gland
  • Nourish the nervous system
  • Replace nutritional deficiencies
  • Treatment in the terms of dietary, lifestyle, supplement and herbal medicine recommendations are then derived from these treatment principles.

Addtional Protocols

Traditional Chinese Medicine

As an Acupuncturist, I will also diagnose your Pattern of Disharmony according to Traditional Chinese Medicine. In obesity, it may be for example Cold Damp accumulation due to Spleen Qi and Yang Deficiency. I will prescribe Acupuncture, Chinese Herbal Medicine and Chinese Dietary Therapy to treat your Pattern of Disharmony. Rather than prescribing Chinese Herbal Patent Formulas, I specialise in preparing Traditional Chinese Herbal Formulations in organic 1:1 high practitioner strength extract form 

Once I have confirmed a Naturopathic Diagnosis, I will then explain the Naturopathic Causes of your condition from a Naturopathic Perspective so that you will be motivated to remove these causes to the best of your ability and have a better chance for cure, depending also, on the strength of your Vital Force. As the "Stress-Less Naturopath" I tailor a Health Management Solution to suit your lifestyle.

I am trained in pharmacology, herbal and supplement contraindications and drug/nutrient, drug/herb interactions. I can prescribe safely if you are pregnant and breastfeeding or on medication. As a Herbalist and Nutritionist I specialise in matching the pharmacological actions of drugs with natural alternatives using compounds found in food and herbs. I will always give dietary advice and assess your diet for nutritional deficiencies.

Classical Homeopathy

As a classical homeopath I may also prescribe what are described as your constitutional remedy, an acute lesional remedy or drainage remedy.

What to expect during a Naturopathic consultation?

At either a consult in person or an online consultation I will

Discuss your presenting symptoms

  • Discuss any medications that you take to ensure that there are no drug/nutrient or drug/herb contraindications with proposed or current treatment
  • Discuss your past health history
  • Discuss your family history
  • Ask you questions about relevant body systems to gain a better understanding of your condition
  • Perform nail analysis and tongue and pulse diagnosis to asses for mineral deficiencies (For online consult you will need to email photo of tongue)
  • Perform Iridology (for online consult you will need to attach photo of left and right iris)
  • Take your blood pressure
  • May recommend blood or other tests
  • Explain the Naturopathic Causes of your health issues from a Naturopathic Medical Perspective
  • Provide a diagnosis from a Chinese Medical Perspective
  • Prescribe treatment in the terms of diet, (including Chinese dietary therapy), lifestyle, herbal medicine, homeopathy and supplements in the form of an email prescription.
  • Provide ongoing support through Online Naturopathic Health Resource and Consultant Services.
  • Face-to-face consultation includes acupuncture according to your Pattern of Disharmony.

For further details contact Carina This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


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Auriculotherapy Ear Acupuncture


Your Practitioner

Ear acupuncture involves the stimulation of definite points on the ear to normalise the bodily function. These points are believed to correspond with specific organs, emotions or sensory feelings. Ear acupuncture increases serotonin and endorphins and is very relaxing.

Evidence exists for the use of ear acupuncture in drug and alcohol detoxification, smoking cessation, weight loss, stress anxiety, depression and musculoskeletal disorders.

For further details contact Carina This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Read more Traditional Chinese Medicine

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​Fertility & Pregnancy

Natural Fertility & Pregnancy series of consultations, aims to expelthe body of toxins increasing circulation to the uterus while tonifying the uterine tissues & prepare the uterus for birth.


When preparing for conception it is important to create a healthy body environment to ensure a healthy pregnancy and child.

The Alternative Medicine Fertility plan supports the liver's natural detoxification processes to expel the body of toxins & prepare the uterus for birth. By encouraging the liver to cleanse the body of toxins and excess hormones & supporting the uterus to cleanse itself of old stagnant blood, increasing circulation to the uterus while tonifying the uterine tissues.

Why do you need to conduct a fertility cleanse?

Bioaccumulation is a term used to describe the accumulation of fat soluble toxins including heavy metals such as lead, mercury & cadmium, endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) such as PCBs, phthalates and bisphenol A, pesticides such as DDT & drugs in the body's fat cells. Many recent studies have confirmed widespread exposure and bioaccumulation of chemical toxicants and the negative health impacts on the development of the foetus and child.

Bioaccumulation has a negative effect on male fertility

Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs such bisphenol A, phthalates, polychlorinated biphenyls, can interfere with normal hormonal balance and can adversely effect the male reproductive system leading to low sperm count and poor sperm motility and sperm quality. 3 4

The importance of vitamins & minerals to enhance fertility

Nutrition plays a big role in having healthy fertility and experiencing a healthy pregnancy. Nutritional deficiencies have been linked to hormonal imbalance, irregular ovulation and lowered egg health, low sperm count and low libido. Therefore it is important to address any nutritional deficiencies and ensure adequate intake of all these essential vitamins and minerals to enhance chances of conception.

The alternative medicine fertility plan is designed to;

  • Regulate ovulation and menstruation to promote fertility.
  • Use traditional aphrodisiac to promote libido
  • Support adrenal function and improve energy
  • Supporting liver phase I and Phase II detox processes to assist the body in eliminating endocrine disrupting and mutagenic chemicals
  • Tonify the uterine muscle
  • Cleansing the womb of any stagnant blood in preparation for conception.
  • Ensure you and your partner have all the nutrients required to promote fertility

Natural ​Fertility & Pregnancy series of consultations, what to expect?

The initial consultation with the prospective mother aimed to specifically to boost libido and enhance Female Fertility and involves conducting a full length case history to ascertain current health level, along with a dietary assessment. If you have a presenting health condition it is better to book an individual consultation prior to commencing this course. This consultation will aim to make recommendations for a cleansing gentle detox diet to support Phase 1 & II Liver Detoxification Pathways and clean the uterus and testes of fat soluble toxins including heavy metals such as lead, mercury & cadmium, endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) such as PCBs, phthalates and bisphenol A, pesticides such as DDT & drugs in the body's fat cells including the uterus. This is essentially a Liver cleanse, Heavy Metal/Plastic Detox diet.

The second consultation

This is an individual consultation with the prospective father aimed to specifically to enhance Male Fertility.

The third consultation

This is a joint consultation with the prospective mother and father to discuss essential vitamins required to enhance fertility and increases chances of conception make a healthy baby and to make recommendations in regard to nutritional deficiencies. Specifically we will discuss food sources of folic acid, iron, B12, calcium, magnesium, the correct balance of omega 3: omega 6 all vital for foetal development.

For further details contact Carina Harkin BHSc.Acu.BHSc.Nat.BHSc.Hom. Cert IV TAE. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 1 Kim S et al., Association between maternal exposure to major phthalates, heavy metals, and persistent organic pollutants, and the neurodevelopmental performances of their children at 1 to 2years of age- CHECK cohort study.Sci Total Environ. 2018 May 15;624:377-384.

2 Niladri Basu et al., Mercury Levels in Pregnant Women, Children, and Seafood from Mexico City, Environ Res. 2014 Nov; 135: 63–69.

3 Hueiwang Anna Jeng1,Exposure to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and Male Reproductive Health, Front Public Health. 2014; 2: 55

4 Chao Wang et al., The classic EDCs, phthalate esters and organochlorines, in relation to abnormal sperm quality: a systematic review with meta-analysis, Sci Rep. 2016; 6

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Eco Water Filters

Why Buy Bottled Water

Clean, Healthy & PlasticRemoves 99.99% of Waterborne Disease,  Chemicals, Suspended Solids, Microplastics & Heavy Metals

Food Grade Herbs

1:1 or 1:2 Organic or Wildcrafted


Diagnose, Assess & Treat Physical, Mental & Emotional Disorders

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