Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a traditional medicine system built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture, Chinese massage (tui na), Chinese exercise therapy (qigong) and Chinese dietary therapy. TCM is widely used China where it has long been the standard system of medicine), and is becoming increasingly popular and recognised worldwide. In China ther are specific hospitals dedicated to TCM whereby patients can be admitted and received a combination of all of before mentioned within a hospital setting. One of the basic tenets of TCM is that "the body's vital energy (Qi) circulates through channels, called meridians, that have branches connected to bodily organs and functions. Concepts of the body and of disease used in TCM reflect its ancient origins and its emphasis on dynamic processes over material structure, similar to European humoral theory.
While health is perceived as the harmonious interaction of these entities and the outside world, disease is interpreted as a disharmony in interaction. TCM diagnosis aims assess symptoms in order to diagnose a Pattern of Disharmony, by measuring the pulse, inspecting the tongue, skin, and eyes, and looking at the eating and sleeping habits of the person as well as many other things. Once the Pattern of Dishatrmony ids disgnosed, treatement principles are derived from this and a precruiption of Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture, tui na, Chinese exercise therapy (qigong) and Chinese dietary therapy can be made accordingly.
Five Element Theory & Chinese Dietary Therapy
TCM’s Five Element framework is ancient and Universal in what it embodies. The Five Elements are deeply woven into the fabric of Chinese culture. In fact, Five Element theory is the foundation of Chinese disciplines such as feng shui, the martial arts, and the I Ching (The Book of Changes, a text also Universal in its understanding and representation of the dynamic balance of opposites and the processes of unfolding events and change). A useful dietary theory in TCM relates to Five Elements Theory or Wu Xing.
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Chinese Dietary Therapy
Chinese food therapy, also called nutrition therapy and dietary therapy) is a mode of dieting rooted in Chinese beliefs concerning the effects of food on the human organism, and centered on concepts such as eating in moderation. Its basic precepts are a mix of folk views and concepts drawn from traditional Chinese medicine history.
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Origins of Traditional Chinese Medicine
The origin of TCM theory is lost in prehistory before writing was invented. The written language started in China during the Shang Dynasty in 1766 BC. The writings on medicine at that time project back in history over two thousand years. Ancient works are alluded to in the prehistoric period but are now lost as "legendary".
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